Royal Hungarian Army
Overview of Occupation Forces
(Service Units not indicated)
The Order of Battle diagram shows all the units of the Hungarian
Occupation Forces from the point of their first arrival on the East Front in the Fall of 1941 until the
dissolution of the Hungarian Occupation Forces Command on 7 April 1944.
The Huba I – III Army Expansion and Mobilization Plans had allowed a mixed, piecemeal mobilization of units from the various Corps in Hungary without consideration of their parent units, in order to spread the load on the economy.
The new Szabolcs Peace-Time and Mobilization Plan of 1 October 1943 encompassed a different organization, ordering mobilization in depth, resulting in the unification of the various units under their parent formations, either by sending out the remaining portions of the Second Line (i.e., Reserve) units to the occupation forces, or by withdrawing the First Line (i.e., Active) units back to Hungary. The regrouping and reorganization took well into 1944.
Because the divisions, the individual regiments and battalions, and the various units were continually changing their assignments and even their subordination, the units are only presented in their numerical order.
|A||These are the units which were mobilized with a reduced strength during from August – December 1941 for occupation duties. They consisted mainly of those units which went to the East Front under the headquarters of the 21st (121st) and 24th (124th) Light Divisions, as well as the 2nd (102nd), 5th (105th), and 8th (108th) Brigades/Light Divisions.|
|B||These are the improvised units which were mobilized in the Winter 1942/43 and sent to the East Front. They consisted mainly of the headquarters of the 1st and 201st (improvised) Light Divisions. Also, for the first time, an artillery battalion was included for the occupation forces, albeit with only four light mountain gun batteries.|
|C||These are the commands and divisions of the former Second Army transferred to the Occupation Forces between March and May 1943. The regiment headquarters and the various units were used to order the regiments and also to boost the strength of the occupation forces after the Second Army was dissolved.|
|D||The remaining units of the 18th and 25th Light Divisions, including the divisional headquarters, mobilized in March 1943. They were to unite with those units already serving with the occupation forces on the East Front and form complete formations.|
|E||Units which were sent to the East Front during the Fall of 1943 and well into 1944 directly from Hungary, mainly to relieve those units needed to complete the First Line divisions being raised in Hungary, but also including new units to support the existing occupation forces.|
|F||Units sent back to Hungary to complete First Line divisions being raised in Hungary.|
|G||Units which were dissolved or amalgamated into other formations and used to fill up those units.|
|General Jány – Commanding General of the Second Army – assumed command of all Hungarian formations on the East Front on 17 February 1943, (thereby including the occupation forces), and carried out the function of "Inspector General" until 1 May 1943. On this date, the Second Army was deactivated and replaced by the Hungarian Occupation Forces Command. On 15 August 1943, the Second Army was once again reactivated on the East Front and relieved the H.O.F.C., which was in turn deactivated. On the tactical and operational levels, the Hungarian units remained assigned to German commands.|
|The VIIth Corps was a former Second Army command which superceded the Hungarian Occupation Group West. (The H.O.G. West had never been a real separate command. Its staff functions had been carried out by the headquarters of the senior divisional commander, who simultaneously had the title of Commanding Officer, H.O.G. West.)|
|The Hungarian Occupation Group East had been a real command. It was amalgamated into the headquarters of the VIIIth Corps. The VIIIth Corps was sent from Hungary on 18 May 1943 to Gomel to assume command of the occupation forces in that sector.|
|All Brigades are redesignated as Light Divisions in February 1942. No changes in organization.|
|All divisions engaged in occupation duties reverted back to their original designations in June 1943 (or May ?). (I.e., the 121st Division becomes once again the 21st Division. the 124th the 24th, etc.)|
|The divisional headquarters of the 24th Light Division is relieved by the headquarters of the 21st Light Division, a former Second Army formation, on 21 October 1943 and returned to Hungary.|
|The 18th and 25th Light Divisions were sent to the East Front owing to a strong 'desire' expressed by the German OKW. These are the first units which arrived organizationally intact. The 25th Light Division was redesignated as the 19th Light Division and the 55th Infantry Regiment as the 35th Infantry Regiment effective 1 October 1943. The 19th Light Division was deactivated and returned to Hungary.|
|The headquarters of the 2nd Light Division was relieved by the headquarters of the 23rd Light Division, a former Second Army formation, and returned to Hungary, on 29 July 1943.|
|The headquarters of the 8th Light Division was relieved by the headquarters of the 9th Light Division, a former Second Army formation, on 29 July 1943, and returned to Hungary.|
|The 101st independent Tank Company was raised in February 1943. It was disbanded late July 1944.|
|The 102nd independent Tank Company was raised in Hungary and transferred to the occupation forces on 19 December 1943.|
|The 102nd Bridge Battalion was transferred from the Hungarian Occupation Command to the Second Army in the Fall of 1942. It reverted back to the occupation troops on 22.02.1943.|
|The VIIth Signal Battalion was relieved by the Ist Signal Battalion.|
|The 102nd Railroad Battalion was attached to the German Commandant of Railroad Troops (Kodies) and used in the Kuban bridgehead.|